Egg Parasitoid News Nr. 10



List of publications on egg parasitoids that appeared from 1991 to 1997
and were not included in previous issues


A u s t r a l i a

Murray, D. and Scholz, B. (1993). Heliothis in chickpea: what role for parasites? Australian Grain 3(4): i-ii.

Scholz, B.C.G. and Webster, D.E. (1994). An evaluation of an egg parasitoid for heliothis control in maize. Proceedings of the Second Australian Maize Conference University of Queensland, Gatton College, February 6th-9th 1994. pp. 73-76.

Scholz, B.C.G. and Murray, D.A.H. (1994). History of Trichogramma research in northern Australia. In Seymour, J., Foster, J and Brough, E. (eds). Workshop report: Use of Trichogramma as a biocontrol agent in Australia. Cooperative Research Centre for Tropical Pest Management, 21-22 February 1994, Brisbane. pp.6-8.

Scholz, B.C.G. (1994). The effect of insecticides on the survival of heliothis egg parasitoids. Proceedings of the Seventh Australian Cotton Conference, Broadbeach, Queensland, 10-12 August, 1994. pp. 69-73.

Scholz, B., Murray, D. and Lloyd, R. (1996). The use of Trichogramma against heliothis on the Darling Downs. Proceedings of the Eighth Australian Cotton Conference, Broadbeach, Queensland, 14-16 August, 1996. pp. 269-272.

B r a z i l

OLIVEIRA-PARON, M.J.F., 1995: Influence of three corn Zea mays L. cultivars and number of Helecoverpa zea (Boddie, 1850) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) eggs on its parasitism by Trichogramma atopovirilia Oatman & Platner, 1983 and Trichogramma pretiosum Riley (1879) (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). Lavras: UFLA, 66 p. (MS thesis).

OLIVEIRA-PARON, M.J.F., CRUZ, I. & CIOCIOLA, A.I., 1996: Parasitismo de ovos de Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) por Trichogramma spp. (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) em diferentes cultivares de milho. Anais do V SICONBIOL, p. 304, Foz do Iguacu.

OLIVEIRA-PARON, M.J.F., CIOCIOLA, A.I. & CRUZ, I., 1996: Resposta de Trichogramma atopovirilia (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) a diferentes numeros de ovos de Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Anais do V SICONBIOL, p. 305, Foz do Iguacu.

PREZOTTI, L., 1993: Effect of different insecticides on three strains of Trichogramma pretiosum Riley, 1879 (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae) under laboratory conditions. LAVRAS: ESAL, 81 p. (MS thesis).

PREZOTTI, L., HAJI, F.N.P., HONDA, O.T.,ALENCAR, J.A. de & ALENCAR, C.M. de, 1996: Selectivity of insecticides used in the control of Scrobipalpiloides absoluta on Trichogramma pretiosum, under laboratory conditions. Abstract published in 5th Symposium of Biological Control, Foz do Iguacu - PR, Brasil, p. 373 (in Portuguese).

PREZOTTI, L., REZENDE, D.L.M.C. & CIOCIOLA, A., 1994: Effect of insect growth regulator compounds on three strains of Trichogramma pretiosum, under laboratory conditions. Ciencia e Pratica, 18(2). 144-150 (in Portuguese).

PREZOTTI, L. & CIOCIOLA, A., 1995: Effect of different insecticides on three strains of Trichogramma pretiosum, under laboratory conditions. Abstract published in 15th Brazilian Congress of Entomology, Caxambu-MG, Brazil, p. 598 (in Portuguese).

PREZOTTI, L., REZENDE, D.L.M.C. & CIOCIOLA, A., 1992: Biological aspects of Trichogramma pretiosum (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae) parasitizing eggs of Ceraeochrysa cubana (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Abstract published in 3rd Symposium of Biological Control, Aguas de Lindola-SP, Brazil, p. 204 (in Portuguese).

B u l g a r i a

KARADJOV, S. & TRANDEVA, L., 1993: News in biological control against grape vine pests. II National Conference of Entomology, Sofia, 323-326.

KARADJOV, S., 1995: Progress and perspectives in the investigations on the egg parasitoids Trichogramma in Bulgaria. Modern Plant Protection, Sofia, 389-393.

TRANDEVA, L., 1995: Effectiveness of the egg parasitoids Trichogramma against the grape vine moths. Modern Plant Protection, Sofia, 350-355.

C o l o m b i a

Cross G., M. V. 1996. Evaluación el parasitismo de Trichogramma pretiosum Riley sobre el pasador del fruto del tomate Neoleucinodes elegantalis Guenée (Lepidóptera: Pyralidae) en el Vale del Cauca. Tesis. Universidad de Nariño. 106p.

García R., F. y L. Rojas A.1996. Control biológico de Spodoptera frugiperda (J. E. Smith) con liberaciones de Telenomus sp, en el cultivo de maíz. Valle del Cauca. En: Resúmenes XXIII Congreso Socolen. Cartagena de Indias. Julio 17 a 19 de 1996. pg. 101.

C h i n a

LI Li-ying & ZHU Di-fang, 1995: Intraspecific variation and the role of superparasitism in diapause induction of Trichogramma evanescens Westwood. Entomologia Sinica 2(4): 337-344 (in English).

LIN Nai-quan, 1994: Systematic studies of Chinese Trichogrammatidae (Hym. Chalcidoidea). Fujian Science & Technology Publishing House, Fuzhou, China, 362.

LIN Nai-quan & CHIAPPINI, E., 1996: First record of Omyomymar Schauff (Hym. Mymaridae) from China with description of 3 new species. Proc.Ent.Soc.Wash., 98 (2), 301-307.

LIN Nai-quan, 1997: A new species of Pseudanaphes Noyes & Valentine (Hym. Mymaridae) from China. Wuyi Sci. J., 13, 98-100.

LIU Shu-sheng & SHI Zu-hua, 1996: Recent developments in research and utilization of Trichogramma spp.. Chinese Journal of Biological Control, 12(2), 78-84.

LU Qingguang, 1992: Fertility and life table study on Trichogramma sp. nr. mwanzai in Kenya. Chinese Journal of Biological Control 8(1), 19-21.

LU Qingguang, 1992: A laboratory study on the functional response of Trichogramma sp. nr. mwanzai in Kenya. Chinese Journal of Biological Control 8(4), 151-154.

QIU, H.G., QIU, Z.L. et al., 1991: Comparison of behavioral responses of Trichogramma dendrolimi in two ecological environments to plant odours. Chemical Ecology: I, 53-58.

QIU, H.G., BIGLER, F. et al. 1992: Quality comparison of Trichogramma maidis emerged on subsequent days. Acta Entomologica Sinica 35(4): 449-455.

QIU, Z.L., ZHOU, J.Z., QIU, H.G. et al., 1995: Studies on the host-habitat location behavior of male Trichogramma dendrolimi. Natural Enemies of Insects. 17(1): 1-6.

SHI Zu-hua & LIU Shu-sheng, 1996: The effect of temperature and humidity on the development, fecundity and survival of Trichogramma dendrolimi (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae). The proceeding of Technology Transfer in Biological Control: From Research To Practice, p.267.

E g y p t

ABBAS, M.S., EL-HENEIDY, A.H., EL-SHERIF, S.I. & IMBABY, M.M., 1988/89: On utilization of Trichogramma evanescens West. to control the lesser sugar-cane borer, Chilo agamemnon Bles. in sugar cane fields in Egypt. 1 - Pilot studies. Bull. Soc. Ent. Agypte, Eco. Ser., 17: 47-62.

ABBAS, M.S., EL-HENEIDY, A.H., IMBABY, M.M. & EWASE, M.A., 1989: On utilization of Trichogramma evanescens West. to control the lesser sugar-cane borer, Chilo agamemnon Bles. in sugar cane fields in Egypt. 3 - Three wave release technique. Bull. Soc. Ent. Egypte, Proc. 1st Inter. Conf. Econ. Ent., 11, 87-92.

EL-HENEIDY, A.H., ABBAS, M.S. & IMBABY, M.M., 1989: On utilization of Trichogramma evanescens West. to control the lesser sugar-cane borer, Chilo agamemnon Bles. in sugar cane fields in Egypt. 2 - Proper technique and number of releases. Arab. Jour. of Plant Protection, 7(2), 153-158.

EL-HENEIDY, A.H., ABBAS, M.S., IMBABY, M.M. & EWASE, M.A.: 1990: Observations on the parasitism of Chilo agamemnon Bles. egg-masses by Trichogramma evanescens West. in sugar cane ratoons. Bull. Soc. Ent. Egypte, Econ. Ser., 18, 1-8.

EL-HENEIDY, A.H., ABBAS, M.S., IMBABY, M.M. & EWASE, M.A.: 1991: Utilization of Trichogramma evanescens West. to control the lesser sugar-cane borer, Chilo agamemnon Bles. in sugar cane fields in Egypt. 5 - An Approach Towards Large Scale Release. 3rd Inter. Symposium "Trichogramma and other egg parasitoids", San Antonio, TX, USA, Sept. 23-27, 1990. Ed. INRA, Paris, (Les Colloques no. 56, 187-189).

NASR, F.N. and RASHED, F.F.M., 1992: Studies on the biological control of certain agricultural pest in Alexandria and Beheira Governoraits, Egypt. (II) Testing Bacillus megaterium as a microbial control against three grape pests. J. Agric, Sci. Mansoura Univ. 17(3): 574-577

NASR, F.N. and RASHED, F.F.M., 1992: The microbial Bacillus for controlling the adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied.) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Egypt. J. Appl. Scie, 7(6): 82-87

FARRAG, R.M. and NASR; F.N., 1992: Efficacy of chemical, Microbial Insecticides and their combinations against the cotton seed bug, Oxycarenus hyalinipennis Costa (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae). Alex. Sci. Exch. 13(3): 594-606

NASR, F.N. and MOEIN, S.I.M., 1992: Bacillus sphaericus (Meyer and Neide) as a new dry wood termites pathogen on Kalotermes flavicollis (Fabr.) and Cryptotermes brevis (Walker) (Isoptera: Kalotermitidae). J. pest control & Environ Sci. 4(2): 91-99

NASR, F.N., Ragheb, W.S. and Hanna, M.T., 1992: Microbial control of the cotton seed bug Oxycarenus hyalinipennis Costa, affecting seed germination in okra Hibiscus esculentus. J. pest control & Environment Sci. 4(2): 79-90

SHENATA, W.A., HHANNA , M.T. and NASR, F. N., 1993: Effect of Bacterial treatments on the bark beetle, Hypoborus ficus Erichson infestation in fig Orchards. Com. In. Sci. and Dev. Res. 41(636): 183-198

ABD-EL-NABY, L.M., NASR, F.N. and HASSAN, N.A., 1993: Efficacy of plant crude extracts, Bacillus thuringiensis, Methomyl and their combinations against Oxycarenus hyalinipennis Costa. Annals of Agric. Sci.., Moshtohor 31(4): 2209-2215

NASR, F.N., KORASHY, A.M. and RASHED, F.F.M., 1995: Trichogramma evanescens West. (Hym., Trichogrammatidae) as an egg parasitoid of the grape moth Lobesia botrana (Den. & Schiff.) (Lep., Tortricidae). Anz. Schädlingskunde, Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz 68, 44-45

SHEHATA, W.A., HANNA, M.T., NASR, F.N. and TADROS, A.W., 1995: Microbiological control of Zeuzera pyrina L., (Lepidoptera: Cossidae) in oear orchards. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ. 20(5): 2545-2555

ZARIF, G. and NASR, F.N., 1996: Insect fauna associated with alfalfa. (Medicago sativa L.) with special reference to the alfalfa weevil, Hypera brunneipennis Boh. (Col, Curculionidae) in the newly reclaimed land at Nubaria region. J. Agric. Res. and Dev. 10(1): 23-35

HEGAZI, E. M., EL-GAYAR, F.H., KASSEM, Sh.M.I., RAWASH, I.A. and NASR, F.N., 1985: Effect of Microencapsulated and Emulsifiable concentrate insecticides formulations on Spodoptera Littoralis (Boisd.) and its Parasite Microplitis rufiventris Kok. Alex. J. Agric. Res. 30(3): 1531-1538

NASR, F. N. and ZARIF, G., 1996: Effect of three strains of Bacillus thuringiensis and two types of Bactospeineon the Egyptian Alfalfa Weevil, Hypera brunneipennis (BOH.) Fayoum. J. Agric. Res. & Dev. 10(1): 12-22

FARRAG, R.M., NASR, F.N. and NOUSSIER, N.I., 1996: Influence of diversity in plant species on insect populations in multiple cropping systems. Ales. J. Agric. Res. 41(2): 201-208

MOEIN, S.I., NASR, F.N. and FARRAG, R.M., 1996 comparative: Toxicity of Fenvalerate, Bacillus thuringiensis and their combinations against two termite species. Alex. Sci. Exch. 17(4): 409-415

NASR, F.N. and MOEIN, S.I.M. 1997: New trend of the use of Metarhizium anisopliae (Metschnikoff) Sokorin and Verticillium indicum (petch) Gams as entomopathogens to the termite cryptotermes brevis (Walker) (Isoptra, Kalatermitidae). Anz. Schädlingskde., Pflanzenschutz, Umweltschutz 70, 13-16

NASR, F.N. and IBRAHIM, S.G. 1997: Laboratory evaluationof Bacillus strains against the greater sugar-cane Borer, Sesmai cretica LED. (Lepidoptera: Noctudae). Alex. Sci. Ech. 18(2): 155-162

FARRAG, R.M., NOUSSIER, N.I., NASR, F.N. and NASR, M.N., 1997: Population density of some insect pests on their ornamental host plants and chemical control of the whitefly on rose plants. Alex. Sci. Ech. 18(1): 51-58

F r a n c e

CHIHRANE, J.; LAUGE, G. & HAWLITZKY, 1993: Effects of high temperature shocks on thr development and biology of Trichogramma brassicae (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae). Entomophaga, 38 (2), 185-192.

CHIHRANE, J. & LAUGE, G., 1994: Incidences de chocs de températures élevées sur la lignée germinale mâle de Trichogramma brassicae (Hym.Trichogrammatidae). Entomophaga, 39 (1), 11-20.

CHIHRANE, J. & LAUGE, G., 1996: Loss of parasitization efficiency of Trichogramma brassicae (Hym. Trichogrammatidae) under high-temperatures conditions. Biological Control, 7, 95-99.

CHIHRANE, J. & LAUGE, G., 1997: Thermosensibilité des lignées germinales de Trichogramma brassicae Bezdenko (Hymenoptera). Conséquences sur l'éfficacité du parasitoide. Can. J. Zool., 75, 484-489.

CHIHRANE, J.; DERRIEN, A. & LAUGE, G., 1997: Locomotor activity of Trichogramma brassicae (Hymenoptera) under the influence of high-temperatures shocks. J. Insect Behav., 10, 203-211.

GARNIER-GEOFFROY, F.; ROBERT, P.; HAWLITZKY, N. & FREROT, B.,1996: Oviposition behaviour in Ostrinia nubilalis (Lep.: Pyralidae) and consequences on host location and oviposition in Trichogramma brassicae (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae). Entomophaga, 41, 287-299.

GRENIER, S., 1994: Rearing of Trichogramma and other egg parasitoids on artificial diet. In: Biological control with egg parasitoids, Wajnberg E. & Hassan, S.A. (eds.), CAB Intern. Pub., Chap. 4: 73-92.

GRENIER, S., GREANY, P. & COHEN, A.C., 1994: Potential for mass release of insect parasitoids andpredators through development of artificial culture techniques. In: Pest management in the subtropics: Biological control - a Florida perspective, Rosen, D., Bennett, F.D. & Capinera, J.L. (eds.). Intercept. Pub., Chap. 10: 181-205.

GRENIER, S., YANG, H., GUILLAUD, J. & CHAPELLE, L., 1995: Comparative development and biochemical analyses of Trichogramma (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) grown in artificial media with hemolymph or devoid of insect components. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 111B(1): 83-90.

GUNIE, G. & LAUGE, G., 1997: Effects of high temperatures recording during diapause completion of Trichogramma brassicae prepupae (Hym. Trichogrammatidae), on the treated generation and its progeny. Entomophaga, 42 (3), 299-306.

HAWLITZKY, N., 1992: La lutte biologique à l'aide de Trichogrammes. Courrier de la cellule environnement de l'INRA, 16, 9-26.

HAWLITZKY, N.; DORVILLE, F.M. & VAILLANT, J.,1994: Statistical Study of Trichogramma brassicae Efficiency in Telation with Characteristics of the European Corn Borer Egg Masses. Res. Popul. Ecol., 36(1), 79-85.

JAGER, C.R., PINTUREAU, B., GRENIER, S. and HEDDI, A., 1997: Detection of Wolbachia within Trichogrammatidae species using ftsZ-PCR, and horizontal transfer by microinjection. Proc. exper. appl. Entomol., N.E.V. Amsterdam 8, 47-52.

NETO, L. and PINTUREAU, B., 1996: Genetic effects of host species on Trichogramma sp. (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae). Proc. Int. Conf. "Technology transfer in biological Control: from research to practice", Montpellier, 245.

NETO, L. and PINTUREAU, B., 1997: Review of the genus Mirufens Girault (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae). Entomol. Prob. 28 (2), 141-148.

NETO, L. & PINTUREAU, B., 1996: Effect of a symbiotic microorganism on some characters of Trichogramma cordubensis from Azores (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae). Arquipelago, (in press).

PINTUREAU, B. & CHAPELLE, L., 1996: Genetic variability of the resistance to high temperatures and antibiotics in a host-symbiote system. Proc. XX Int. Cong. Entomol., Florence, 248.

PINTUREAU, B., DELOBEL, B. & NETO, L., 1995: Two species of Trichogrammatidae new for France. Entomol. Prob. 26(2), 161-163.

PINTUREAU, B. & IGLESIAS CALVIN, M. de P., 1996: Review of the European species of Mymar Curtis (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae: Mymarini). The Entomologist 115 (2), 114-123.

PINTUREAU, B., 1997: Some systematic and genetical problems revisited in two closely related species of Trichogramma, T. embryophagum and T. cacoeciae (Hym., Trichogrammatidae). Miscel.lánia Zool. 20 (2), in press.

PINTUREAU, B., 1997: Une extraordinaire biodiversité utile à la protection des plantes. In Ecologie et Civilisation, Ed. A. Pélosato, Editions Naturellement, Pantin, in press.

PINTUREAU, B. and DELOBEL, B., 1997: New data on the geographic distribution of West European Trichogramma and Trichogrammatoidea. Boln Asoc. esp. Ent 21 (suppl.), 133-134.

PINTUREAU, B., IGLESIAS CALVIN, M. del P. and GRENIER S., 1997: Effectiveness of the second mating in a bisexual Trichogramma species and the first mating in a thelytokous Trichogramma species (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae). Can. Ent. 129, 35-41.

PINTUREAU, M and PINTUREAU, B., 1996: Les Scelionidae de l'archipel des Açores (Hymenoptera). Relatórios e Comunicaçoes do Dept. de Biologia, Univ. Açores 23, 51-53.

RODRIGUEZ, J., PINTUREAU, B. and GALAN, M., 1996: Esclarecimiento de la identidad taxonomica de algunos registros cubanos de Trichogramma Westwood (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae). Bol. San. Veg.-Plagas 22 (3), 585-599.

RODRIGUEZ, J., PINTUREAU, B. and GALAN, M., 1996: Polimorfismo genético y morfológico de poblaciones de Trichogramma fuentesi Torre en Cuba (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae). Invest. Agraria, Prod. Prot. Veg. 11 (2), 323-343.

RODRIGUEZ, J., PINTUREAU, B. and GALAN, M., 1997: Registro de Trichogramma exiguum Pinto & Platner (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae) para Cuba. Comparación de cinco cultivos cubanos y uno de Perú. Bol. San. Veg.-Plagas, in press.

RENOU, M.; NAGNAN, P.; BERTHIER, A. & DURIER, C., 1992: Identification of compounds from the eggs of Ostrinia nubilalis and Mamestra brassicae having kairomone activity on Trichogramma brassicae. Entomol. exp. appl. 63, 291-303.

VOLKOFF, A.N. & DAUMAL, J., 1994: Ovarian cycle in immature and adult stages of Trichogramma cacoeciae and T. brassicae (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae). Entomophaga 39 (3/4), 303-312.

VOLKOFF, A.N., DAUMAL, J., BARRY, P. FRANCOIS, M. C., HAWLITZKY, N. & ROSSI, M., 1995: Development of Trichogramma cacoeciae Marchal (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae): time table and evidence for a single larval instar. J. Insect Morphol. & Embryol., 24 (4), 459-466.

G e r m a n y

DEGRANDE, P.E., and HASSAN, S.A.: Optimization of the IOBC method to test the side effects of pesticides on Trichogramma spp. "V SICONBIOL", symposium of biological control, held at Paraná, Brasil, June 9-14, 1996. Poster session, p.56.

MONJE, J.C., 1995: Present significance of Trichogramma spp. (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) for biological control of sugarcane borers in the Americas. Mittl. deutsch. Ges. allg. angew. Ent. 10, 287-290.

MONJE, J.C., 1996: Possibilities for integrated management of sugarcane borers (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in the Lowlands of Bolivia with especial consideration of Trichogramma spp. Hymenoptera. Trichogrammatidae). Dissertation. Cuvillier Verlag Göttingen, 228 pp (in German).

HASSAN, S.A.: Improved method for the production of the Angoumois grain moth Sitotroga cerealella (Oliv.). In: E. Wajnberg (Ed.): Trichogramma and other egg parasitoids. 4th International Symposium, Cairo (Egypt), October 4-7, 1994. Les Colloques de l'INRA 73, 1995, 157-160.

HASSAN, S.A.: Mass production of Trichogramma: Breeding of the Angoumois grain moth Sitotroga cerealella (Oliv.) as an alternative host. Proceedings "Curso de Controle de Pragas Com Trichogramma", 1-4 April, 1996, Piracicaba, Brasil, 45-54.

HASSAN, S.A.: Selection of Trichogramma egg-parasitoid species for use in biological control. Proceedings "Curso de Controle de Pragas Com Trichogramma", 1-4 April, 1996, Piracicaba, Brasil, 55-61.

HASSAN, S.A., and DEGRANDE, P.E.: Methods to test the side effects of pesticides on Trichogramma. Proceedings "Curso de Controle de Pragas Com Trichogramma", 1-4 April, 1996, Piracicaba, Brasil, 63-74.

HASSAN, S.A.: Standard methods to test the side effects of pesticides on beneficial organisms, experience of the IOBC/WPRS working group. "V SICONBIOL", symposium of biological control, held at Paraná, Brasil, June 9-14, 1996. Proceedings of conferences and symposia, 324-325.

HASSAN, S.A.: Choice of effective strains of the egg parasite Trichogramma for use in biological control and quality aspects. "V SICONBIOL", symposium of biological control, held at Paraná, Brasil, June 9-14, 1996. Proceedings of conferences and symposia, 72-73.

HASSAN, S.A.: Métodos padronizados par testes de seletividade, com ênfase em Trichogramma. In: Postali Parra, J.R., and Zucchi, R.A. (Eds.): Trichogramma e o Controle Biológico Aplicado, Fundaçap De Estudos Agrários Luiz De Queiroz - FEALQ, Piracicaba, Brasil, 1997, 207-231.

HASSAN, S.A.: Seleçao de espécies de Trichogramma para o uso em programas de controle biológico. In: Postali Parra, J.R., and Zucchi, R.A. (Eds.): Trichogramma e o Controle Biológico Aplicado, Fundaçap De Estudos Agrários Luiz De Queiroz - FEALQ, Piracicaba, Brasil, 1997, 183-205.

HASSAN, S.A.: Criaçao da traça do milho, Sitotroga cerealella, para a produçao massal de Trichogramma. In: Postali Parra, J.R., and Zucchi, R.A. (Eds.) Trichogramma e o Controle Biológico Aplicado, Fundaçap De Estudos Agrários Luiz De Queiroz - FEALQ, Piracicaba, Brasil, 1997, 173-182.

PROZELL, S., SCHÖLLER, M., HASSAN, S.A., and REICHMUTH, Ch.: Release of Trichogramma evanescens as a component of an integrated pest management programme in organic food bakeries and stores (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). Proceedings of the XX International Congress of Entomology, Florence, Italy, August 25-31, 1996, 18-016, 555.

PROZELL, S., SCHÖLLER, M., HASSAN, S.A., WÜHRER, B., and REICHMUTH, Ch.: From research to practice: Biological control of stored product pest moths (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in organic food processing industry with Trichogramma evanescens (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). IOBC/WPRS Bulletin 19(8)., 1996, p.256.

ROST, W.M., und HASSAN, S.A.: Bekämpfung des Plaumenwicklers Cydia funebrana Treitschke. Obstbau 19 (11), 1994, 534-536.

SCHÖLLER, M., REICHMUTH, C. and HASSAN, S.A.: Studies on biological control of Ephestia kuehniella Zeller (Lep.: Pyralidae) with Trichogramma evanescens Westwood (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae) - host-finding ability in wheat und laboratory conditions. Proceedings of the VI International Working Conference on Stored-product Protection, Vol. 2, 1994, 1142-1146.

SCHÖLLER, M., HASSAN, S.A., and REICHMUTH, Ch.: Efficacy assessment of Trichogramma evanescens and T. embryophagum (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae), for control of stored products moth pests in bulk wheat. Entomophaga 41.(1), 1996, 125-132.

UZUN, S., ÖZPINAR, A, and HASSAN, S.A.: Development of Trichogramma brassicae Bezd. (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae) on the eggs of Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn. (LEP.: GELECHIIDAE) under controlled conditions. Proceedings of the XVIII Conference of the International Working Group on the European Corn Borer, Turda, Romania, 11-16 September, 1995, 85-90.

WANG, ZhenYing, ZHOU DARONG, and HASSAN, S.A.: Effect of hexane extract of European corn borer female moth scale on host-seeking behavior of Trichogramma ostriniae. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, 23. (4), 1996, 373-374.

WANG, ZhenYing, and HASSAN, S.A.: Ovipositional behaviour of Trichogramma ostriniae. Chinese Journal of Biological Control, 12.(4), 1996, 145-149.

WANG, ZhenYing, and HASSAN, S.A.: Comparison on selectivity of several strains of Trichogramma spp. to host eggs of Sestrinia nubilalis. Plant Protection 21.(6), 1995, 39-42.

WANG, ZhenYing, ZHOU DARONG, and HASSAN, S.A.: Effect of hexane extract of European corn borer female moth scale on host-seeking behavior of Trichogramma ostriniae. Acta Phytophylacica Sinica, 23.(4), 1996, 373-374.

H o n d u r a s

CAVE, R.D., 1995: Manual para el Reconocimiento de Parasitoides de Plagas Agricolas en America Central. Zamorano Academic Press.

I n d i a

BALASUBRAMANI, V. & SWAMIAPPAN, M., 1993: Feeding behaviour and development of Chrysoperla carnea Stephens on the Trichogramma parasitized eggs of Corcyra cephalonica Stainton. Paper presented in Fifth National Symposium on Advances in Biological Control of Insect pests at Muzaffarnagar (UP), 2-4 October 1993.

BALASUBRAMANI, V. & SWAMIAPPAN, M., 1995: Interaction between Chrysoperla carnea and Trichogramma chilonis, the two natural enemies of cotton pests. Ibid, pp. 233-236.

KALYANASUNDARAM, M.; JUSTIN, C.G.L.; SWAMIIAPPAN, M.; SUNDARA BABU, P.C. & JAYARAJ, S, 1993: Efficacy of Trichogramma chilonis (Ishii) against Sugarcane Internode borer Chilo sacchariphagus indicus in Tamil Nadu. Indian J. Pl. Prot. 21(2), 149-151.

KALYANASUNDARAM, M.; SWAMIIAPPAN, M.; SUNDARA BABU, P.C.; JUSTIN, C.G.L. & JAYARAJ, S, 1992: Efficacy of Trichogramma chilonis (Ishii) against Sugarcane Internode borer Chilo sacchariphagus indicus in Tamil Nadu. National Seminar on Changing Scenario in Pest and Pest Management, Hyderabad, Feb. 1992.

KALYANASUNDARAM, M.; DHANDAPINI, N.; SWAMIIAPPAN, M.; SUNDARA BABU, P.C.; JUSTIN & JAYARAJ, S, 1994: A study on the management of some pests of groundnut (Arachis hypogea L.) with biocontrol agents. J. Biol. Control 8 (1), 1-4.

PAJNI, H.R.,(in press): Some observations on the biology of Uscana mukerjii (mani). Res. Bull. Panj. Univ.

PAJNI, H.R.,(in press): A new sprcies of Uscana from the eggs of Conicobruchus albopubens (Pic.). Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc.

ROMEIS, J. & SHANOWER, T.G., 1996: Arthropod natural enemies of Helicoverpa armigera Hübner (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in India. Biocontrol Science and Technology 6, 481-508.

ROMEIS, J.; SHANOWER, T.G. & ZEBITZ, C.P.W., 1996: Using sticky traps to monitor populations of Trichogramma egg parasitoids. International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newsletter 3, 102-103.

SWAMIAPPAN, M., 1993: Setting up a Biopesticides laboratory in Sugar Industry. Adv. Course on Sugarcane Tech. Course No. VII T. Nadu. Co-operative Sugar Federation (TNCSF) held at Madras Sep. 6-11, pp. 1-19.

SWAMIAPPAN, M., 1996: Mass multiplication release and evaluation of insect parasitoids. In: Biological and cultural control of Insect Pests an Indian Scenario(ed) Dunston. P. Ambrose, Adeline Publishers, Tirunelveli, India, pp. 347-353.

SWAMIAPPAN, M., 1996: Trichogramma mass production, National Training on Mass Production of Bio-Control Agents. Govt. of India. Directorate of Extn. held at TNAU, CBE Oct 3-10, 1996, pp.52-54.

SWAMIAPPAN, M., 1996: Commercial Production of Bio Pesticides - feasibility, ethics and certain considerations. Paper presented at Symposium on Technological advances in the biological control of insects, 11 October 1996, Entomology Research Institute, Loyola College, Chennai, India, Abstract p.13.

SWAMIAPPAN, M., 1996: Mass production Chrysopa Natn. Trg. On Mass Production of Biocontrol, Ibid, 64-66.

I t a l y

CHAPPINI, E., TRIAPITSYN, S.V. & DONEV, A., 1996: Key to the Holarctic species of Anagrus Haliday (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) with a review of the Nearctic and Palaearctic (other than European) species and descriptions of new taxa. Journal of Natural History, 30, 551-595.

J a p a n

HIRAI, K., 1996: Parasititation efficacy and movement distance by Trichogramma dendrolimi on green peppers in a vinylhouse. Kanto Tosan Plant Protection Society, No. 43, 217-219.

T h e N e t h e r l a n d s

ALEBEEK, F.A.N. van, 1996: Natural suppression of bruchid pests in stored cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L) Walp) in West Africa. International Journal of Pest Management, 42: 55-60.

ALEBEEK, F.A.N. van, 1994: The functional response of Uscana lariophaga Steffan (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae) under different egg distributions of its host Callosobruchus maculatus L. (Col.: Bruchidae). In: E. Highley, E.J. Wright, H.J. Banks & B.R. Champ (eds.), Stored Product Protection, Proceedings of the 6th InternationalWorking Conference on Stored-product Protection, CAB International, Wallingford, II: 1152-1157.

ALEBEEK, F.A.N. van, BEZEMER, T.H., HUIS, A. van & LENTEREN, J.C. van, 1996: The functional response of Uscana lariophaga Steffan (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae) under different egg distributions of its host Callosobruchus maculatus L. (Col.: Bruchidae). Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 81: 227-233.

ALEBEEK, F.A.N. van & GROOT, N., 1997: The arrestment response in Uscana lariophaga Steffan (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae). Proceedings of the section Experimental & Applied Entomology of the Netherlands Entomological Society (N.E.V.), 8: (accepted).

ALEBEEK, F.A.N. van, KONING, C.M., KORTE, E.A.P.de & HUIS, A. van, 1996: Egg limited functional response of Uscana lariophaga, egg parasitoid of bruchid beetle pests in stored cowpea. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata, 81: 215-225.

HUIS, A. van, 1991: Biological methods of bruchid control in the tropics. Insect Science and its Application, 12: 87-102.

HUIS, A. van & APPIAH, S.O., 1995: Uscana lariophaga, West-African egg parasitoid of the cowpea bruchid beetle Callosobruchus maculatus: photoperiod, parasitization and eclosion interactions. Entomol. exp. appl. 76: 1-6.

HUIS, A. van, ARENDSE, P.W., SCHILTHUIZEN, M., WIEGERS, P.P., HEERING, H., HULSHOF, M. & KAASHOEK, N.K., 1994: Uscana lariophaga egg parasitoid of bruchid beetle storage pests of cowpea in West-Africa: the effect of temperature and humidity. Entomol. exp. appl.,70: 41-53.

HUIS, A. van, KAASHOEK, N.K. & LAMMERS, P.M., 1990: Uscana lariophaga (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae), egg parasitoid of two bruchid species of cowpea in West-Africa. Proceedings Experimental and Applied Entomology, N.E.V. Amsterdam, 1: 101-106.

HUIS, A. van, KAASHOEK, N.K. & MAES, H.M., 1991: Biological control of bruchids (Vol.: Bruchidae) in stored pulses by using egg parasitoids of the genus Uscana (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae): a review. In: Proceedings of the First International Working Conference on stored-product protection (EDS.: F. Fleurat-Lessard and P. Ducom), 2: 99-108. September 9-14, 1990, Bordeaux, France.

HUIS, A. van, WIJKAMP, M.G., LAMMERS, P.M., KLEIN GOLDEWIJK, C.G.M., SEETERS, J.H. van & KAASHOEK, N.K., 1991: Uscana lariophaga (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae), an egg parasitoid of bruchid beetle (Col.: Bruchidae) storage pests in West-Africa: host age and host-species selection. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 81: 65-75.

HUIS, A. van, SCHÜTTE, C., COOLS, M.H., FANGET, Ph., HOEK, H. van der & PIQUET, S.P., 1994: The role of semiochenicals in host location by Uscana lariophaga, egg parasitoid of Callosobruchus maculatus. In: B.R. Champs, H.J. Banks & E. Highley (eds.), Proceedings 6th International Working Conference on Stored-product protection, April 17-23, 1994, Canbarra, Australia, Vol. 2, pp. 1158-1164.

KAN, F.J.P.M. van, SILVA, I.M.M.S., SCHILTHUIZEN, M., PINTO, J.D. & STOUTHAMER, R., 1996: Use of DNA-based methods for the identification of minute wasps of the genus Trichogramma. Proc. Exper. & Appl. Entomol., NEV, Amsterdam, 7: 233-237.

ORMEL, G.L., GORT, G. & ALEBEEK, F.A.N. van, 1995: Analysing host-location in Uscana lariophaga Steffan (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae), an egg parasitoid of bruchids (Coleoptera: Bruchidae), using Cox's proportional hazard model. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 85: 113-123.

SAGNIA, S.B., 1992: Effects of palm oil and an egg parasitoid, Uscana lariophaga Steffan (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae) on cowpea seed damage by Callosobruchus maculatus (Fab.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Nuisibles, Pests, Pragas, 1: 10-14.

SILVA, I.M.M.S. & STOUTHAMER, R., 1996: Can the parthenogenesis- Wolbachia lead to unusual courtship behaviour in Trichogramma? Proc. Exper. & Appl. Entomol., NEV, Amsterdam, 7: 27-31.

R o m a n i a

FABRITIUS, K. & ROMAN, T., 1994: Trichogramma pintoi Voegele 1982 (Hymenoptera, Trichogrammatidae) a new species in Romania. An. ICLF, vol. XII, 179-181.

ROMAN, T., FABRITIUS, K., NEGRU, G., TUDOSE, M., SZABO, A., CALIN, M. & GLAVAN, L., 1995: Dynamics of the egg parasites Trichogramma evanescens Westw. and possibilities to restore its natural ability to control the Noctuidae Lepidoptera in the cabbage crops. Trichogramma and other egg parasitoids, Cairo, Ed. INRA Paris, 169-172.

FABRITIUS, K., 1995: Catalogue of palaeartic species of Trichogramma. Inst. Cerc. Prot. Plant. Bucuresti, 1-14.

MURESAN, Felicia & MUSTEA, D., 1996: Results obtained regarding the European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn.). Control by using Trichogramma spp. at the Agricultural Research Station , Turda. Proceedings of the III National Conference for Environment Protection by Biological and Biotechnical Methods, Brasov, 26-28 May, 1995, p. 168-173, Romania.

MURESAN, Felicia, MUSTEA, D. & ROSCA, I., 1996: The use of synthesis sex pheromones in the biological and chemical treatments application regarding ECB (Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn.) control at the Agricultural Research Station , Turda. Volume: Proplant '96, Calimanesti, 22-24 October 1996, Romania.

R u s s i a

KARTZEV, V. et al., 1993: Discrimination between Parasitized and Unparasitized Hosts in Egg Parasitoids. In: Sensory Systems of Arthropods (eds. K. Wiese et al.), Birkhauser Verlag, Basel, Switzerland, p. 640-647.

REZNIK, S.Ya.; UMAROVA, T.Ya. & VOINOVICH, N.D., 1997: The influence of previous host age on current host acceptance in Trichogramma. Entomol.Exp.Appl. 82 (2), 153-157.

REZNIK, S.Ya.; VOINOVICH, N.D. & UMAROVA, T.Ya., 1996: Experimental studies of the dynamics of the percentage of ovipositing females and their fecundity in the generation sequences of Trichogramma (Hymenoptera, Trichogrammatidae). Zoologicheskiy Zhurnal, 75 (3), 375-381 (in Russian with English summary).

REZNIK, S.Ya.; VOINOVICH, N.D. & UMAROVA, T.Ya., 1997: Carbohydrate suppresses parasitization and induces egg retention in Trichogramma. Biocontrol Sci. Techn. 7 (2), 271-274.

ZINOVJEVA, K.B., REZNIK, S.Ya., ZASLAVSKI, V.A. & UMAROVA, T.Ya., 1996: Effect of photoperiod and thermoperiod on the eclosion rhythm of adults of Trichogramma evanescens (Hymenoptera, Trichogrammatidae) and Alysia manducator (Hymenoptera, Braconidae). Zoologicheskiy Zhurnal 75(10), 1496-1504 (in Russian with English summary).

S l o v a k i a

TANCIK, J., RADINOVA, Z. & BACA, F., 1994: Efficiency of Trichogramma evanescens Westwood and Trichogramma maidis Pint. et Voeg. in the control of European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis) on sweet corn. (Ochr. Rostl.) PLant Protection, 30: 209-220 (in Slovak.).

TANCIK, J., RADINOVA, Z. & BACA, F., 1994: Trichogramma spp. efficiency in sweet corn protection from European corn borer. In: Symp. of Biological Control, Cernovci, Ukraina, 1994.

BACA, F., RADINOVA, Z. & TANCIK, J., 1996: Possibilities of the European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn.) control in sweet corn. Biljni Lekar, 26(4), 310-313 (in Serbien).

S y r i e

BABI, A., 1990: Bioecologie de Trichogramma cacoeciae Marchal et T. daumalae Dugast et Voegele (Hym., Trichogrammatidae). Utilisation en lutte biologique contre Lobesia botrana Den. & Schiff. (Lep., Tortricidae), These de Doctorat d`Etat 'es Sciences. Fac. Sci. Tech. St. Jerome, Marseille, 160 pp.

BABI, A. & VOEGELE, J., 1990: Dispersion des Trichogrammes T. cacoeciae Marchal et T. daumalae Dugast & Voegele (Hym., Trichogrammatidae) en vignoble. 2eme Cong. Int. Prot. Cult. Paris (Dec. 1990), ANPP, 1331-1343.

BABI, A., 1994: Effect of temperatures on strains of Trichogramma cacoeciae Marchal and T. daumalae Dugast & Voegele (Hym., Trichogrammatidae). In: Trichogramma and other egg parasitoids, 4th International Symposium, Cairo (Egypt), Ed. INRA, Paris (Les Colloques, no. 73), 59-63.

BABI, A., 1994: Les parasitoides oophages du genre Trichogramma Westw. (Hym., Trichogrammatidae). Caracterestiques biologiques et systematiques, production en masse sur un hote de substitution et leurs utilisation en lutte biologique contre les ravageurs des cultures. In: Les ravageurs de l'olivier, leurs ennemis naturels et leurs programmes de lutte integree. Ed. Le Ministere de liagriculture en Syrie, 165-169 (en Arabe).

BABI, A., 1994: La teigne de l'olivier Prays oleae Bern. (Lep., Hyponomeutidae). In: Les ravageurs de l'olivier, leurs ennemis naturels et leurs programmes de lutte integree. Ed. Le Ministere de l'agriculture en Syrie, 82-95 (en Arabe).

BABI, A., MARRO, J.P., DAUMAL, J. & VOEGELE, J., 1995: Etude de caracteristiques biologique de Dibrachys affinis Masi (Hym., Pteromalidae) sur un hote de substitution Ephestia kühniella Zeller (Lep., Pyralidae). 35th Science Week, 4-9 Nov.1995 (Tishreen university, Lattakia, Syria), 12 pp.

BABI, A., 1996: La lutte integree contre les ravageurs du coton en Syrie. Ed, Comite supreme des Sciences, Conference du 8 Mars 1996, Damas, 16 pp. (en ARABE).

BABI, A. & KAWAS, Z., 1996: Les parasitoids oophages du genre Trichogramma Westw. (Hym., Trichogrammatidae). Premiers resultats le lachers inondatifs de Trichogramma oleae contre Prays oleae en Syrie. Ed. Le Ministere de l'agriculture en Syrie, Bureau d'Olive, 10 pp. (en Arabe).

T u r k e y

BULUT, H., 1991: Investigations on the egg-parasites of Lackey moth, Malacosoma neustria L., their distribution, and natural effectiveness. Plant Protection Bulletin 31 (1-4), 38-61.

BULUT, H., 1991: Investigations on the egg-parasites of Euproctis chrysorrhoea L., their distribution, and natural effectiveness. Turkish Journal of Entomology, 15(1),15-24.

GÜLLÜ, M. & SIMSEK, N., 1996: Studies on egg parasitoids of corn stalk borer Sesamia nonagroides Lefebvre (Lep., Noctuidae) and European corn borer, Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner (Lep., Pyralidae) in East Mediterranean Region of Turkey. III. Entomology Congress in Turkey, 24-28 September 1996, Ankara, 214-228.

KAYAPINAR, A., 1991: Investigation on natural enemies of Ostrinia nubilalis and research on relation between the egg parasitoid Trichogramma evanescens Westwood (Hym., Trichogrammatidae) in Cukurova Region. Ph.d.Thesis, Adana, 1991.

KAYAPINAR, A. & KORNOSOR, S., 1992: Natural enemies of Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) in Cukurova Region, and distribution, and parasitization rate of Trichogramma evanescens Westwood (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). II. Entomoloy Congress in Turkey, 28-31 January 1992, Adana, 89-99.

KORNOSOR, S., SERTKAYA, E. & COSKUNTUNCEL, S., 1995: 1- Population development of egg parasitoides, Trichogramma evanscens Westwood and Platytelenomus busseolae Gahan on the eggs of Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn. and Sesamia nonagrioides Lef. in Southeast Mediterranean Region of Turkey. IWGO - News letter Vol: XV No.2, p. 17.

KORNOSOR, S., SERTKAYA, E. & COSKUNTUNCEL, S., 1995: 2- Population changes of Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn. (Lep., Pyralidae) and Sesamia nonagrioides Lef. (Lep., Noctuidae) in Southeast Mediterranean Region of Turkey. IWGO - News letter Vol: XV No.2, p. 14.

COSKUNTUNCEL, S. & KORNOSOR, S., 1996: 3- The effectiveness of inundative release of the egg parasitoid Trichogramma evanscens Westwood (Hymenoptera, Trichogrammatidae) at the biological control of the European cornborer Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn. (Lep., Pyralidae) and natural parasitization rate of T. evanescens in Cukurova Region. The 3rd of Entomology Congress, 24-28 September, 1996, Ankara, Turkiye, 294-304.

MELAN, K.; KEDICI, R, & ÜNAL,G., 1996: Determination of natural efficiency of egg parasitoid (Trichogramma evanescens Westwood) of European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner Lep.:Pyralidae) in Bolu province. III. Entomology Congress in Turkey, 24-28 September 1996, Ankara, 305-319.

ÖNCÜER, C. & UZUN. S.,1991: Investigations on the possible usefulness of Trichogramma cacoeciae Marchal (Hym.: Trichogrammatide) for the biological control against Archips spp. (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) which are harmful on cherry trees in Izmir and Manisa provinces. Nature Tr J. of Agriculture and Foestry, 432-443.

ÖZKAN, C. & GÜRKAN, M.O., 1996: Investigation on comparative life tables between Trichogramma turkeiensis Kostadinov and Trichogramma embryophagum (Hartig) (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae). III.Entomology Congress in Turkey, 24-28 September 1996, Ankara, 311-320.

ÖZPINAR, A. & KAYAPINAR, A., 1994: The effectiveness of the released Trichogramma evanescens Westwood (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) on the egg population of Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae).III. Biological Control Congress in Turkey, 25-28 January, Izmir, 421-431.

ÖZPINAR, A., 1996: Investigation of the effectiveness of Trichogramma evanescens Westwood (Hymenoptera, Trichogrammatidae) released against Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae). Türkish J. of Entomol., 20: 97-104.

ÖZPINAR, A. and KORNOSOR, S., 1996: Effect of Some Insecticides on the Adult Emergence of Trichogramma evanescens Westwood (Hymenoptera, Trichogrammatidae) from the Parasitized Host Eggs. J. Agric. Fac. C.Ü., 11: 45-50.

UZUN, S. & AKTEN, T., 1992: An investigation on the side effects of fungicides applied in cherry orchard on Trichogramma cacoeciae Marchal (Hym.: Trichogrammatidae). II. Entomology Congress in Turkey, 28-31 January 1992, Adana, 265-273.

UZUN, S. & AKTEN, T., 1992: The effect of different temperatures on biology of Trichogramma cacoeciae Marchal. II. Entomology Congress in Turkey, 28-31 January 1992, Adana, 403-411.

UZUN, S.; KAVUT, H.; GÖVEN, M.A. & KARTAL, S., 1996: Studies on releasing of Trichogramma brassicae Bezd. (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) for biological control of Ostrinia nubilalis Hübner (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) which is harmful in maize field in Aydin. III. Entomology Congress in Turkey, 24-28 September 1996, Ankara, p. 320.

U S A

NORDLUND, D. A. and S. M. GREENBERG. 1992: Facilities and automation for the mass production of insect predators and parasitoids. p. 190. In: Proceedings XIX International Congress of Entomology, Abstracts, Beijing, China.

NORDLUND, D. A., 1994: Habitat location by Trichogramma. pp. 155-163. In: Wajnberg, E. and S. A. Hassan (eds.). Biological Control with Egg Parasitoids. CAB International, Oxon, U.K.

NORDLUND, D. A. and S. M. GREENBERG, 1994: Facilities and automation for the mass production of arthropod predators and parasitoids. Biocontrol News and Information 15: 45N-50N.

GREENBERG, S. M., D. A. NORDLUND and E. G. KING, 1996: Mass production of Trichogramma spp.: experiences in the former Soviet Union, China, the United States and western Europe.

Biocontrol News and Information. 17(3): 51N-60N.

XIE, Z. N., W. C. NETTLES jr., G. SALDANA and D. A. NORDLUND, 1997: Elmer's School Glue and Elmer's Glue All: Arrestants and probing/oviposition enhancers for Trichogramma spp. Entomol.

exp. appl. 82: 115-117.

XIE, Z. N., Z. X. WU, W. C. NETTLES jr., G. SALDANA and D. A. NORDLUND, 1997: In vitro culture of Trichogramma spp. on artificial diets containing yeast extract and ultracentrifuged chicken egg yolk but devoid of insect components. Biological Control 8: 107-110.

NORDLUND, D. A., Z. X. WU and S. M. GREENBERG, 1997: In vitro rearing of Trichogramma minutum Riley (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) for ten generations, with quality assessment

comparisons of in vitro and in vivo reared adults. Biological Control 9:201-207.

GREENBERG, S. M., D. A. NORDLUND and Z. X. WU, 1997: Role of Trichogramma minutum (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae) adult nutrition on longevity and oviposition into artificial

eggs. Environ. Entomol. (In Press)

WHITMAN, D.W. & NORDLUND, D.A., 1994: Plant chemicals and the location of herbivorous arthropods by their natural enemies. In: Ananthakrishnan, T.N. (ed.). Functional Dynamics of Phytophagous Insects. Oxford & IBH Publishing, New Delhi, (Book Chapter).

NORDLUND, D.A., 1996: Biological control, integrated pest management and conceptual models. Biocontrol News and Information 17, 35N-44N.


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